V. INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
J. Policy recommendations
4. Intercity institutional arrangements in the Liaoning middle city group
Regional planning is necessary in the Liaoning middle city group, with Shenyang acting as the core, as it can undertake the design and development of public projects such as roads, railways, water supplies, drainage and flood control using reasonable technological means. Regional planning is also necessary for solving environmental problems such as flooding, environmental pollution, natural resources deterioration and land-use changes. Thus regional planning is a suitable approach to be taken by the Liaoning middle city group towards sustainable development. It is only on a regional scale that the sustainable development of Shenyang City and the Liaoning middle city group can be effectively studied.
Development of the middle city group has brought about problems such as water shortages and environmental pollution. Those problems are closely associated with urbanization and land-use changes resulting from urbanization. It is only from a holistic regional perspective that such problems can be resolved. On the other hand, a single municipal government cannot, on its own, undertake the task of solving regional problems such as those concerning natural resources and the environment, spatial restructuring of industry, and the joint construction and sharing of key regional infrastructures. Thus it is recommended that a Planning and Coordination Commission of the Liaoning middle city group should be set up.
An Economic Zone Commission of the Liaoning middle city group has been established. The Commission is concerned with the establishment and refinement of the socialist market system, the development and improvement of the productive factor market system, and the promotion of an integrated regional economy. However, the Commission has not considered how to solve regional environmental problems.
The establishment of a Planning and Coordinating Commission for the Liaoning middle city group would, in the view of the authors, accelerate the process of integrating economic and technological development and therefore increase the protection and improvement of the environment. That, in turn, would move the middle city group towards sustainable development.