V. INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
J. Policy recommendations
By establishing NGO consultation institutions and public information networks, the city can actively promote the involvement of relevant parts of the private sector, NGOs and public groups in planning, decision-making and monitoring. Such action would improve the transparency of planning, decision-making and implementation.
Every individual has the right to demand clean air, clean water and other environmental services. He/she also has the responsibility for ensuring the maintenance of a clean environment. It follows that traditional bureaucratic approaches are unsuitable for integrating environmental considerations into development planning and economic decision-making processes. Those processes cannot be restricted to public agencies, and NGOs, neighborhood groups and private sector organizations may have to play a key role in the integration of environmental considerations into development planning and economic decision-making. Various participatory approaches have to be tried at different levels.
The active cooperation and participation of the public can improve urban environmental quality. Each person contributes to the generation of urban wastes in Shenyang City, so he/she has a civic responsibility in ensuring that Shenyang is a clean city. The city should involve the public in the implementation of the local action plan. For example, community committees or neighborhood organizations could be mobilized for door-to-door garbage collection and classification.