II. SHENGYANG CITY DEVELOPMENT: CURRENT SITUATION
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C. Current situation of urbanization
4. Dynamic mechanism of Shenyang urbanization
The development of secondary industry has pushed urbanization forward. Shenyang is an industrial city and has a solid basis.
After large-scale construction, it has become an industrial base for the whole country.
Certainly, it generates a powerful radiating force and economic diffusion to areas around it.
To a great extent, the speed and scale of urbanization has been decided by the level of industrialization.
Tertiary industry has been another driving force of urbanization.
With the adjustment of the industrial structure of Shenyang, tertiary industry has rapidly developed and has become a driving force in urbanization.
There are several aspects of that driving force:
- Production support services. For example, finance, insurance, science and technology, communication for the production of enterprises, storage, transportation and wholesale services, retail product circulation, and advertising, consultancy, news and publishing services.
The higher the degree of industrial specialization, the more the need for horizontal coordination and exchange;
- An increase in services for daily living. With the rise in income and the leisure time, consumption of material products, education, sports and entertainment, medical treatment and health care, and tourism has increased.
The varieties of demand have supported the economic development of city's tertiary industrial sector and brought about the increase of employment opportunities and population;
- The development of the expressway network and the introduction of communications technologies have speeded up the pace of urbanization. The advanced infrastructure has greatly changed the perception of the population in terms of daily living, while enlarging the scope of the suburban districts and promoting the transition of rural labour to a non-agricultural population.