VIII. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
F. Protective measures and monitoring mechanisms
A large number of measures exist which are aimed at protecting the environment. In type they range from statute-based measures, which are the most common, to policy directives, user pays principle measures and externally-imposed mechanisms. Unfortunately, those measures are not integrated at the national level; many of the legal ones are deficient, while the enforcement and penalty regimes are inadequate. Similarly, some of the existing monitoring mechanisms are deficient and ineffective.
Those shortcomings stem from the low priority accorded the environment, the lack of awareness of the true dimensions of the environmental problems, the absence of an effective, institutional coordinating framework and the lack of comprehensive environmental legislation.
It is recommended that: