V. REVIEW OF MONITORING MECHANISMS
B. Institutional landscape for monitoring
2. Protection of coastal resourcesExecutive Order No. 240, dated 28 April 1995, authorized the creation of Fisheries and Aquatic Resource Management Councils (FARMCs) in barangays, cities and municipalities.
The creation of FARMCs has institutionalized the major role of the local fishermen and other resources users in community-based planning and the implementation of policies and programmes for the management, conservation, development and protection of fisheries and aquatic resources in municipal waters. The Executive Order also stipulated that at least 75 per cent of the regular FARMC members be representatives of the local municipal fishing communities.
FARMCs are expected to: (a) prepare and recommend fisheries and aquatic resources management policies and plans for integration into the local development plan; (b) recommend guidelines to LGUs and special agencies for the development and implementation of projects; (c) issue permits and licences for the appropriate use of fisheries and aquatic resources; and (d) ensure that resource use limits and controls are respected. FARMC members are also deputized as fish wardens and environment and natural resources officers.
The mobilization of voluntary Bantay
Dagat (Coastal Patrols) for enforcing coastal protection policies,
monitoring fishing vessels and methods, rehabilitating mangrove and sea
grass areas, and constructing and deploying artificial reefs. The mobilization
of Bantay Dagat was launched under the now terminated Fisheries Sector
Programme. With the termination of the programme, the sustainability of
Bantay Dagat is threatened.