II. INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTS FOR INTEGRATING ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERNS
E. Government committees concerned with environmental management
The growing recognition of environmental problems and issues has resulted in the formation a variety of ad hoc committees, including:
The committees meet on either a regular or when required basis to deliberate on specific problems. Special Steering Committees will be formed to assess major projects and are usually be chaired by the Permanent Secretary of the relevant ministry. The representatives on each committee are selected by the chairperson. The appointment of representatives to the committees ought to stand for all the different stakeholders: government officials, members of the business community, non-government organizations and academic institutions.
There are no set procedures for the work of the committees. In general, the secretariat is provided by the relevant department. Special working groups will meet to prepare policy and programme documents which are submitted to the committees for consideration. The approval for any policy, programme or initiative is obtained by general consensus of the members present at the meeting.
As illustrated in figure II, under the proposed Sustainable Development Act the ad hoc committees described will come under the aegis of NCSD, which in turn will provide the opportunity to coordinate and integrate the operations and findings of smaller existing committees. The Bill provides for the establishment of other committees (such as the National Waste Management Committee), the primary role of which will be to develop appropriate policies for approval by NCSD.