Asia-Pacific Trade Agreement
The Asia-Pacific Trade Agreement (APTA), previously named the Bangkok Agreement, was signed in 1975 as an initiative of ESCAP. Being the oldest preferential trade agreement among developing countries in Asia-Pacific, APTA aims to promote economic development through the adoption of mutually beneficial trade liberalization measures that will contribute to intra-regional trade expansion and provides for economic integration through coverage of merchandise goods, services, investment and trade facilitation.
Open to all developing member countries, APTA is a truly region-wide trade agreement spanning East and South Asia, with potential to expand to other sub-regions, including Central Asia and the Pacific. APTA is the first plurilateral agreement among the developing countries in the region to adopt common operational procedures for certification and verification of the origin of goods and it has the longest effective implementation period amongst the trade agreements in the entire Asia-Pacific. Notably, APTA is the only operational trade agreement linking China and India, two of the fastest growing markets in the world, and other major markets such as the Republic of Korea.
The Participating States also signed and ratified the following Framework Agreements:
- Framework Agreement on Trade Facilitation (15 December 2009)
- Framework Agreement on the Promotion, Protection and Liberalization of Investment (15 December 2009)
- Framework Agreement on the Promotion and Liberalization of Trade in Services (24 August 2011)
- Ministerial Declaration, the Fourth Session of the Ministerial Council of the Asia-Pacific Trade Agreement, 13 January 2017
- Second Amendment to the Asia-Pacific Trade Agreement, 13 January 2017
- Amendment to the First Agreement on Trade Negotiations among Developing Member Countries of the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (Bangkok Agreement)
- The First Agreement on Trade Negotiations among Developing Member Countries of the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (Bangkok Agreement)