VII. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
A. Institutional constraints
In view of the wide range of substantive duties that it is required to perform, CEA finds it difficult at present to provide all the skills and resources required by PAAs for activities related to the management of the EIA process.
CEA has shown that it can play a key role in the management of the EIA process. In addition, PAAs require the assistance of CEA, particularly in the mobilization of available expertise for that purpose. However, without adequate staff resources, it appears that CEA cannot effectively meet such a demand. Therefore, measures should be put in place to strengthen CEA staff resources. CEA should also deploy a panel of experts to draw upon, and assist, PAAs in effectively managing the EIA process.
The Environmental Cells within PAAs and the development ministries also need strengthening to ensure improved performance in relation to the EIA process. In particular, the constraints encountered by the tea sector PAA,. the Ministry of Plantation Industries, in monitoring the EIA process require attention.
The significance and importance of the CEA Environmental Council appears to have been eroded since the Ministry of Environment and Forestry has taken over the interministerial coordinating functions. Therefore the role of the Environmental Council vis-à-vis the implementation of environmental policy by CEA needs to be clarified if it is to continue as an effective institutional arrangement.