I. STATE OF THE ENVIRONMENT IN MALAYSIA
B. Overview of national development policies
Vision 2020 was first announced by the Prime Minister in his inaugural address to the Malaysian Business Council in 1991. It is not so much a distinct developmental policy as such, but more the representation of a framework within which all policies and programmes in the country should be undertaken, both by the public as well as the private sector. Vision 2020 basically aims for developed country status not only in the economic sense, but also in other dimensions such as political, social, spiritual, psychological, and cultural. In the context of environmental preservation and management, Vision 2020 warns against "growth fixation", the danger of pushing for high growth figures while remaining oblivious to the need to ensure sustainability and improve the quality of life, among others. The holistic approach to growth and development as espoused by Vision 2020, in particular the clear recognition of the importance of preserving the environment and natural resources, is critical as it underpins all future economic activities in the country. Thus it ensures that growth and development will be sustainable.