V. CASE STUDY: MANAGEMENT AND CONSERVATION OF FRESHWATER RESOURCES IN KUALA LUMPUR
C. Protection of water quality and habitats
Under the Federal Constitution of Malaysia, water resources are a State matter; the policy concerning their management, regulation, development and conservation varies between the States. The multisectoral nature of water resources for water supply, agriculture, industry, urban development, hydropower generation, inland fisheries, transportation and recreation are all well recognized. But despite that situation, water resources development and management in Malaysia has traditionally been fragmented among various federal and State departments and agencies, each having a specific interest associated with water uses. In the case of Kuala Lumpur, some 53 per cent of the annual consumption of 131.4 million cu m. of water are by domestic households (32 per cent) and industrial or commercial users (21 per cent). Those two sectors account for 86 per cent of the total annual water billing of approximately US$ 27 million.
In terms of water production, the contribution by ground water resources is negligible, which means that almost all of the Kuala Lumpur water supply is from surface run-off. The estimated total treatment capacity of the waterworks detailed in section A above is 140,000 cu m. per day, while total storage capacity of approximately 145,000 cu m.