I.THE ENVIRONMENT, NATURAL RESOURCES AND TRENDS IN DEVELOPMENT
A. Size, location and demographic characteristics of Kuala Lumpur and its environs
Lumpur was officially raised to city status in 1972 where the municipal limit was extended from 93.24 to 243.65 sq. km within the State of Selangor. In order to allow the capital to be administered solely and directly by the federal government, Kuala Lumpur was declared a federal territory in 1974 and thus ceased to be part of the State of Selangor.
The current population of Kuala Lumpur is estimated to be 2 million. The population growth rate of the city is very dynamic, averaging an estimated 4.3 per cent during 1970-1980. However, the population growth rate was estimated to have decreased to 4.1 per cent between 1980 and 1990; it is projected to decline further to 3.6 per cent between 1990 and 2000. The growth rate is expected to eventually slow to 1.9 per cent, whereas the total migration rate will decrease from 2.1 to 1.7 per cent (City Hall of Kuala Lumpur, 1984).