VI. EXISTING MECHANISMS AND THEIR EFFECTIVENESS IN MONITORING ENFORCEMENT
D. Concluding remarks
The discussion in this chapter brings out several points of interest. First, there are licensing/permit granting mechanisms in place for incorporating environmental considerations into economic decision-making. Second, the mechanisms for the enforcement of monitoring appear to be functioning to some degree. Third, effective implementation of monitoring is being constrained by the lack of finance and trained human resources. Finally, there is obvious disregard of the licensing/permitting granting mechanisms mainly because of a lack of awareness and ineffective penalties. Therefore what conclusion can be drawn from those facts?
Although there are many possible responses to the above question, two approaches are recommended: