VI. MONITORING AND ENFORCEMENT
C. Monitoring enforcement
Once an objective has been decided upon, enforcement involves ensuring that something is done. Monitoring enforcement, on the other hand, involves the regular and systematic review of the effectiveness of the enforcement mechanisms over a long period of time. It is important to be able to identify the severity of non-enforcement and the extent of existing problems of violation. Effective monitoring enables those charged with enforcement to set priorities and undertake measures to manage and reduce violations. Monitoring will indicate those sectors and sections of the community that are, or are not, complying. It should be able to identify those situations requiring immediate action and those requiring longer-term adjustments in policy and monitoring procedures. Monitoring is critical for the effective management of the enforcement agency.
In order to measure the effectiveness of enforcement, monitoring must be an integral part of the enforcement mechanism. That means in the case of the enforcement of conservation laws, LCB would not only be given the legal power through enforcement officers to deal with an offender who is not complying with the law but would need to undertake follow-up monitoring. Monitoring activities need to be specifically detailed in the law. Although that has not been the case to date in Fiji, it will be part of the proposed Sustainable Development Bill.