IV. MEASURES FOR INTEGRATING ENVIRONMENTAL CONSIDERATIONS
B. Measures used to achieve stated environmental policies and an evaluation of effectiveness
There are a number of options available to governments for converting environmental policies into reality. In Fiji, the use of command and control measures are by far the most predominant. Applying command and control measures to the environment have included: enacting and enforcing environmental laws and regulations; establishing and maintaining government agencies responsible for the environment; creating reserves and park areas; and implementing research programmes by universities and national research agencies. Experiences with command and control in Fiji, as in many other countries, has shown limited success in dealing with the protection of the environment. In response to the lack of success, recent moves have been made towards self-regulation. Such a regime requires that suitable economic or regulatory incentives are provided to encourage a voluntary approach to environmental management and pollution control. Fiji has recently been exploring the possibility of implementing such a regime, and there have been encouraging responses to the ideal of self-regulation. In the meantime, however, Fiji will have to do with the command and control measures which are currently in place.