III. INTEGRATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERNS INTO DECISION- MAKING FOR FLOOD LOSS REDUCTION
A paper on Water and Flood Management Strategy (WFMS) for Bangladesh presented by FPCO (1995a) has been approved by the Government. It builds on the studies done under the FAP and the NWP. It observes that one of the shortfalls of NWPs completed in 1987 and 1991 was that programmes in other ministries (fisheries, navigation, public health, industries, municipalities etc.) were inadequately addressed, and their requirements were taken as constraints rather than incorporated within an overall water sector demand position. It recommends a 5-year (1995-2000) programme involving (a) preparation of a national water management plan (NWMP), (b) strengthening of water sector organization responsible for planning, construction, operation and maintenance, and (c) implementation of a compact portfolio of high priority projects. The NWMP will examine the supply of water in the context of international rivers and groundwater, and the demand from irrigation, fisheries, navigation, drinking and municipal needs, and other important areas. It provides an outline of institutional framework for developing and managing water resources with emphasis on people's participation and environmental aspects. The NWMP project is of three years duration (1997-99).