III. INTEGRATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERNS INTO DECISION- MAKING FOR FLOOD LOSS REDUCTION
2. Land and water sector study, 1972
Winter irrigation and short term, quick yielding flood control and drainage (FCD) projects in shallow flooded areas became the focal point of water development efforts, as was manifest in the sector study report prepared by the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development in 1972. After reviewing the master plan of 1964, the report emphasized the need for reorientation of policy for flood control (IBRD, 1972). The report recognized the problems of large scale flood control, drainage and irrigation schemes in a setting with high population density and a complex water regime due to flooding during the wet season and scarcity of water during the dry season. It recommended quick yielding small scale projects such as low lift pump irrigation and small drainage improvements, minor- to medium-size drainage works, tube-well irrigation and double-lift pumping etc. Subsequently the investment programme of the water sector received priority on small- and medium scale-projects. But, in the mean time, many of the large-scale projects proposed in the master plan of 1964 had either been implemented or were under implementation.