Concern about rising energy consumption
United Nations Information Services (UNIS)---Energy consumption in some cases has grown
faster than the GDP, states an ESCAP environment report to members of the Economic and
Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific's (ESCAP) 56th session, June 1 to 7th in Bangkok at
the United Nations Conference Centre.
In view of the significant increase in energy demand in the ESCAP region, ESCAP considers the
need for increased energy development as urgent, particularly in developing economies where the
gap between energy supply and demand was considerable.
Limited fossil fuel reserves and growing environmental concerns as well as the rising cost of
expansion of electricity capacity were important factors underlining the need to urgently increase
Implementing minimum energy efficiency product standards could play a positive role in curbing
the growth of electricity consumption in the use of home appliances and residential sectors.
Environment-friendly fuels such as natural gas and renewable sources of energy would have an
increasingly important role to play in future. There are environmental advantages in hydropower
and geothermal, biomass, solar and wind energy. Nuclear energy is also considered a possible
option as an effective source of energy.
With continued increase in energy demand the challenges in formulating policies towards
providing affordable and sustainable energy services is enormous, ESCAP says. The possible
range of options might include fuel switching, demand-side management and energy
Future energy systems should be environmentally sound, the report added. Private companies,
consumer organizations and other NGOs could significantly assist in influencing consumer
behavior towards selecting energy efficient equipment and appliances. The important role of
NGOs and consumer organizations in promoting energy efficiency through creating public
awareness was emphasized.