REFORM GOVERNANCE TO ERADICATE POVERTY
BANGKOK (United Nations Information Services) --- A number of
countries in the Asian and Pacific region have legislated far-reaching reforms relating to good governance through devolution
of authority and responsibility.
The need for good governance is a prerequisite to successful
rural poverty alleviation policy. Decentralization of authority
and responsibility is a key factor in good governance.
Good governance and the empowerment of the rural poor through
decentralization in poverty alleviation actions will be discussed
at the 56th annual Commission session of the United Nations
Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP)
to be held from 1 to 7 June 2000.
The recent Asian financial crisis provided these countries with
the impetus to strengthen local governments in order to sustain
and raise the quality of economic growth.
A recent study has argued that the persistence of poverty in most
countries of the region has its origins in problems of governance
rather than in an inadequacy of resources.
The challenge for good governance in many countries is to ensure
the effective implementation of the reforms already initiated.
However, legislation on decentralization policy alone cannot
empower people because of limitations in reaching the poor
households. Therefore, a social mobilization programme must be
included in the decentralization policy.